RAMADAN is observed as the time of fasting. The period celebrates the moment when the Koran was unveiled to Muhammad.
This year Ramadan will start on the evening of Sunday, May 5, and will continue for 30 days until Tuesday, June 4. However, the start and end dates are determined by the lunar Islamic calendar so it will depend on when the new moon is sighted.
Muslims consider the “night of power” or “night of decree” as the holiest night of the year as it is believed that the first revelation of the Koran was sent down to Muhammad on this night only. According to them, it occurs on an odd-numbered night during the last 10 days of Ramadan i.e. the 21, 23, 25, 27 or 29th night.
Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan and the beginning of the next lunar month.
What happens during Ramadan?
The word Ramadan has Arabic roots. It comes from the word ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, which means scorching heat or dryness.
Fasting during the month is necessary for adult Muslims but those suffering from an illness, or are pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic or chronically.
The fast is from dawn to sunset. But it is started with a pre-dawn meal which is called “Suhur” and ends with a sunset meal called “Iftar”.
Muslims offer more prayers and do more charity during Ramadan. They try to practice control and self-discipline. Also, Muslims are encouraged to read the entire Koran throughout the month.
Why do people fast during Ramadan?
Ramadan is the time of increased devotion, worship and self-discipline. In this period, the Muslims are expected to learn the teachings of Islam, one of which is fasting. This time teaches people to be more self-disciplined and have empathy for those who are less fortunate.
Fasting is believed to cleanse the body as well as the soul by freeing it from worldly activities.
Wish you all a very happy and blessed Ramadan!